Age Of Discovery Navigationsmenü
Bereits ist AGE OF DISCOVERY erschienen. Wer schon länger Brettspiele spielt wird bei der Optik sofort in Erinnerung schwelgen, weil. Sieben Jahre ist es schon her, dass mit Age of Empires III: Age of Discovery eines der besten Worker Placement-Spiele veröffentlicht wurde. Nachdem Tropical. Age of Discovery: Navigating the Risks and Rewards of Our New Renaissance | Goldin, Ian, Kutarna, Chris | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für. Eagle-Gryphon Games EAG Brettspiel Empires: Age of Discovery bei taverneschinckel.be | Günstiger Preis | Kostenloser Versand ab 29€ für ausgewählte Artikel. Übersetzung im Kontext von „Age of Discovery“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Age of Discovery has three different bonus features that it offers.
Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für age of discovery im Online-Wörterbuch dict.cc (Deutschwörterbuch). Top-Angebote für Age of Discovery online entdecken bei eBay. Top Marken ✅ Günstige Preise ✅ Große Auswahl. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für age of discovery im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion.
Age Of Discovery - Bilder vom SpielWe are using the following form field to detect spammers. The Portuguese became the colonial power at the commencement of the Age of Discovery , trading with the settlement at Soyo in Staffel 9. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. He also entered into diplomatic relations with Persia. Columbus also explored the northeast coast of Cuba landed on 28 October and the northern coast of Hispaniolaby 5 December. I strongly Beste Spielothek in Parkstein finden this timely and immensely important and readable book. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Barentsz reached the west coast of Novaya Zemlya and followed it northward, before being forced to turn back in the face of large icebergs. DeVoto, Bernard . These charts specified proven ocean routes guided by coastal landmarks: sailors departed from a Frankreich Lotto point, followed a compass heading, and tried to identify their location by its landmarks. Age of Discovery möchten wir gemeinsam mit euch feiern und euch für den Schutz der Galaxie von Star Sigma Standardabweichung Online danken. Der Einstieg in ein zufälliges Einsatzkommando ist so einfach wie das Klicken auf einen einzelnen Button, der sich an prominenter Stelle innerhalb der PvE-Gruppen-Inhalt-Benutzeroberfläche befindet. Heute ist Viana do Castelo ein Ort mit einem lebhaften Fischereihafen, der für seine reizvolle Architektur bekannt ist, die sowohl Einflüsse der Manuelinik und der Renaissance als auch innovative moderne Bauten aufweist. This site is a Wo Silvester Feiern Ausland of Fandom, Inc. Ungarisch Wörterbücher. Navigationsmenü Namensräume Seite Diskussion.
It was depicted on the midth-century Dieppe maps , where its coastline appeared just south of the islands of the East Indies; it was often elaborately charted, with a wealth of fictitious detail.
The discoveries reduced the area where the continent could be found; however, many cartographers held to Aristotle's opinion, like Gerardus Mercator and Alexander Dalrymple even so late as  argued for its existence, with such arguments as that there should be a large landmass in the Southern Hemisphere as a counterweight to the known landmasses in the Northern Hemisphere.
As new lands were discovered, they were often assumed to be parts of this hypothetical continent. Juan Fernandez , sailing from Chile in , claimed he had discovered the Southern Continent.
He represented this to the King of Spain as the Terra Australis incognita. In fact, it was not Australia but an island in present-day Vanuatu.
Dutch navigator and colonial governor, Willem Janszoon sailed from the Netherlands for the East Indies for the third time on December 18, , as captain of the Duyfken or Duijfken , meaning "Little Dove" , one of twelve ships of the great fleet of Steven van der Hagen.
Janszoon then crossed the eastern end of the Arafura Sea , without seeing the Torres Strait , into the Gulf of Carpentaria.
On February 26, , he made landfall at the Pennefather River on the western shore of Cape York in Queensland, near the modern town of Weipa. This is the first recorded European landfall on the Australian continent.
Janszoon proceeded to chart some kilometres miles of the coastline, which he thought was a southerly extension of New Guinea.
In — Abel Tasman , also a Dutch explorer and merchant in the service of the VOC, circumnavigated New Holland proving that Australia was not part of the mythical southern continent.
He was the first known European expedition to reach the islands of Van Diemen's Land now Tasmania and New Zealand and to sight the Fiji islands, which he did in Tasman, his navigator Visscher, and his merchant Gilsemans also mapped substantial portions of Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific Islands.
In the midth century the Tsardom of Russia conquered the Tatar khanates of Kazan and Astrakhan , thus annexing the entire Volga Region and opening the way to the Ural Mountains.
The colonization of the new easternmost lands of Russia and further onslaught eastward was led by the rich merchants Stroganovs.
Tsar Ivan IV granted vast estates near the Urals as well as tax privileges to Anikey Stroganov , who organized large scale migration to these lands.
Stroganovs developed farming, hunting, saltworks, fishing, and ore mining on the Urals and established trade with Siberian tribes.
By Stroganovs and Yermak came up with the idea of a military expedition to Siberia, in order to fight Kuchum in his own land.
In Yermak began his voyage into the depths of Siberia. After a few victories over the khan's army, Yermak's people defeated the main forces of Kuchum on Irtysh River in a 3-day Battle of Chuvash Cape in The remains of the khan's army retreated to the steppes , and thus Yermak captured the Siberia Khanate , including its capital Qashliq near modern Tobolsk.
Kuchum still was strong and suddenly attacked Yermak in in the dead of night, killing most of his people. Yermak was wounded and tried to swim across the Wagay River Irtysh 's tributary , but drowned under the weight of his own chain mail.
The Cossacks had to withdraw from Siberia completely, but thanks to Yermak's having explored all the main river routes in West Siberia, Russians successfully reclaimed all his conquests just several years later.
In the early 17th century the eastward movement of Russians was slowed by the internal problems in the country during the Time of Troubles.
However, very soon the exploration and colonization of the huge territories of Siberia was resumed, led mostly by Cossacks hunting for valuable furs and ivory.
These were Pomors from the Russian North , who already had been making fur trade with Mangazeya in the north of the Western Siberia for quite a long time.
In the settlement of Turukhansk was founded on the northern Yenisei River , near the mouth of Lower Tunguska , and in Yeniseysky ostrog was founded on the mid-Yenisei at the mouth of the Upper Tunguska.
Between and a group of fur hunters led by Demid Pyanda left Turukhansk and explored some 1, miles 2, kilometres of the Lower Tunguska, wintering in the proximity of the Vilyuy and Lena rivers.
According to later legendary accounts folktales collected a century after the fact , Pyanda discovered the Lena River.
He allegedly explored some 1, miles 2, kilometres of its length, reaching as far as central Yakutia. He returned up the Lena until it became too rocky and shallow, and portaged to the Angara River.
In this way, Pyanda may have become the first Russian to meet Yakuts and Buryats. He built new boats and explored some miles 1, kilometres of the Angara, finally reaching Yeniseysk and discovering that the Angara a Buryat name and Upper Tunguska Verkhnyaya Tunguska, as initially known by Russians are one and the same river.
In Pyotr Beketov was appointed Yenisei voevoda in Siberia. He successfully carried out the voyage to collect taxes from Zabaykalye Buryats, becoming the first Russian to step in Buryatia.
He founded the first Russian settlement there, Rybinsky ostrog. Beketov was sent to the Lena River in , where in he founded Yakutsk and sent his Cossacks to explore the Aldan and farther down the Lena, to found new fortresses, and to collect taxes.
Yakutsk soon turned into a major starting point for further Russian expeditions eastward, southward and northward. Maksim Perfilyev , who earlier had been one of the founders of Yeniseysk, founded Bratsky ostrog on the Angara in , and in he became the first Russian to step into Transbaikalia , travelling there from Yakutsk.
Later Ivanov made the first chart and description of Baikal. In a group of explorers led by Ivan Moskvitin became the first Russians to reach the Pacific Ocean and to discover the Sea of Okhotsk , having built a winter camp on its shore at the Ulya River mouth.
The Cossacks learned from the locals about the large Amur River far to the south. In they apparently sailed south, explored the south-eastern shores of the Okhotsk Sea, perhaps reaching the mouth of the Amur River and possibly discovering the Shantar Islands on their way back.
After wintering, in Poyarkov pushed down the Zeya and became the first Russian to reach the Amur River. He sailed down the Amur and finally discovered the mouth of that great river from land.
Since his Cossacks provoked the enmity of the locals behind, Poyarkov chose a different way back. They built boats and in sailed along the Sea of Okhotsk coast to the Ulya River and spent the next winter in the huts that had been built by Ivan Moskvitin six years earlier.
In they returned to Yakutsk. A merchant named Fedot Alekseyev Popov organized a further expedition eastward, and Semyon Dezhnyov became a captain of one of the kochi.
In they sailed from Srednekolymsk down to the Arctic and after some time they rounded Cape Dezhnyov , thus becoming the first explorers to pass through the Bering Strait and to discover Chukotka and the Bering Sea.
All their kochi and most of their men including Popov himself were lost in storms and clashes with the natives. A small group led by Dezhnyov reached the mouth of the Anadyr River and sailed up it in , having built new boats from the wreckage.
They founded Anadyrsk and were stranded there, until Stadukhin found them, coming from Kolyma by land. He also may have explored the western shores of Kamchatka.
This time he was met with armed resistance. He built winter quarters at Albazin , then sailed down Amur and found Achansk, which preceded the present-day Khabarovsk , defeating or evading large armies of Daurian Manchu Chinese and Koreans on his way.
He charted the Amur in his Draft of the Amur river. In he sailed from Anadyr Bay to Cape Dezhnyov. Atop his earlier pioneering charts, Ivanov is credited with creation of the early map of Chukotka and Bering Strait , which was the first to show on paper very schematically the yet undiscovered Wrangel Island , both Diomede Islands and Alaska, based on the data collected from the natives of Chukotka.
So, by the midth century, Russians established the borders of their country close to modern ones, and explored almost the whole of Siberia, except the eastern Kamchatka and some regions north of the Arctic Circle.
The conquest of Kamchatka later would be achieved in the early s by Vladimir Atlasov , while the discovery of the Arctic coastline and Alaska would be completed by the Great Northern Expedition in — European overseas expansion led to the contact between the Old and New Worlds producing the Columbian Exchange ,  named after Columbus.
It started the global silver trade from the 16th to 18th centuries and led to direct European involvement the Chinese porcelain trade. It involved the transfer of goods unique to one hemisphere to another.
Europeans brought cattle, horses, and sheep to the New World, and from the New World Europeans received tobacco, potatoes and maize.
Other items becoming important in global trade were the sugarcane and cotton crops of the Americas, and the gold and silver brought from the Americas not only to Europe but elsewhere in the Old World.
The new trans-oceanic links and their domination by the European powers led to the Age of Imperialism , where European colonial powers came to control most of the planet.
The European appetite for trade, commodities, empire and slaves greatly affected many other areas of the world. Spain participated in the destruction of aggressive empires in the Americas, only to substitute its own, and forcibly replaced the original religions.
The pattern of territorial aggression was repeated by other European empires, most notably the Dutch, Russian, French and British.
Christianity replaced older "pagan" rituals, as were new languages, political and sexual cultures, and in some areas like North America, Australia, New Zealand and Argentina , the indigenous peoples were abused and driven off most of their lands, being reduced to small, dependent minorities.
Similarly, in coastal Africa, local states supplied the appetite of European slave traders , changing the complexion of coastal African states and fundamentally altering the nature of African slavery , causing impacts on societies and economies deep inland.
See Atlantic slave trade. Aboriginal peoples were living in North America at this time and still do today.
There were many conflicts between Europeans and Natives. The Europeans had many advantages over the natives. See Population history of indigenous peoples of the Americas.
Maize and manioc were introduced into Africa in the 16th century by the Portuguese. Crosby speculated that increased production of maize, manioc, and other New World crops led to heavier concentrations of population in the areas from which slavers captured their victims.
In the global silver trade from the 16th to 18th centuries , the Ming Dynasty was stimulated by trade with the Portuguese , Spanish , and Dutch.
Although global, much of that silver ended up in the hands of the Chinese and China dominated silver imports. A large populace near the Lower Yangzte averaged a hundreds of taels of silver per household in the late 16th century.
In the late 16th and early 17th century, Japan was also exporting heavily into China and the foreign trade at large.
During the last decades of the Ming the flow of silver into China was greatly diminished, thereby undermining state revenues and indeed the entire Ming economy.
This damage to the economy was compounded by the effects on agriculture of the incipient Little Ice Age , natural calamities, crop failure, and sudden epidemics.
The ensuing breakdown of authority and people's livelihoods allowed rebel leaders such as Li Zicheng to challenge Ming authority.
New crops that had come to Asia from the Americas via the Spanish colonizers in the 16th century contributed to the Asia's population growth.
This included sweet potatoes , maize , and peanuts, foods that could be cultivated in lands where traditional Chinese staple crops—wheat, millet, and rice—could not grow, hence facilitating a rise in the population of China.
The arrival of the Portuguese to Japan in initiated the Nanban trade period , with the Japanese adopting several technologies and cultural practices, like the arquebus , European-style cuirasses, European ships, Christianity, decorative art, and language.
After the Chinese had banned direct trade by Chinese merchants with Japan, the Portuguese filled this commercial vacuum as intermediaries between China and Japan.
The Portuguese bought Chinese silk and sold it to the Japanese in return for Japanese-mined silver; since silver was more highly valued in China, the Portuguese could then use Japanese silver to buy even larger stocks of Chinese silk.
He taught the Chinese how to construct and play the spinet , translated Chinese texts into Latin and vice versa, and worked closely with his Chinese associate Xu Guangqi — on mathematical work.
As a wider variety of global luxury commodities entered the European markets by sea, previous European markets for luxury goods stagnated.
The Atlantic trade largely supplanted pre-existing Italian and German trading powers which had relied on their Baltic, Russian and Islamic trade links.
The new commodities also caused social change , as sugar, spices, silks and chinawares entered the luxury markets of Europe.
The European economic centre shifted from the Mediterranean to Western Europe. The city of Antwerp , part of the Duchy of Brabant , became "the centre of the entire international economy",  and the richest city in Europe at this time.
Francesco Guicciardini , a Venetian envoy, stated that hundreds of ships would pass Antwerp in a day, and 2, carts entered the city each week.
Portuguese ships laden with pepper and cinnamon would unload their cargo. With many foreign merchants resident in the city and governed by an oligarchy of banker-aristocrats forbidden to engage in trade, the economy of Antwerp was foreigner-controlled, which made the city very international, with merchants and traders from Venice , Ragusa , Spain and Portugal and a policy of toleration, which attracted a large Orthodox Jewish community.
The city experienced three booms during its golden age, the first based on the pepper market, a second launched by New World silver coming from Seville ending with the bankruptcy of Spain in , and a third boom, after the Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis , in , based on the textiles industry.
Despite initial hostilities, by the Portuguese were sending annual trade missions to Shangchuan Island in China.
In they managed to convince the Ming court to agree on a legal port treaty that would establish Macau as an official Portuguese trade colony. From China the major exports were silk and porcelain , adapted to meet European tastes.
The Chinese export porcelains were held in such great esteem in Europe that, in English, china became a commonly-used synonym for porcelain.
Kraak porcelain believed to be named after the Portuguese carracks in which it was transported was among the first Chinese ware to arrive in Europe in mass quantities.
Only the richest could afford these early imports, and Kraak often featured in Dutch still life paintings.
Between and Medici porcelain from Florence was the first successful attempt to imitate Chinese porcelain. Although Dutch potters did not immediately imitate Chinese porcelain, they began to do it when the supply to Europe was interrupted, after the death of Wanli Emperor in Kraak, mainly the blue and white porcelain , was imitated all over the world by potters in Arita, Japan and Persia —where Dutch merchants turned when the fall of the Ming Dynasty rendered Chinese originals unavailable  —and ultimately in Delftware.
Dutch and later English Delftware inspired by Chinese designs persisted from about to the midth century alongside European patterns. Antonio de Morga — , a Spanish official in Manila , listed an extensive inventory of goods that were traded by Ming China at the turn of the 16th to 17th century, noting there were "rarities which, did I refer to them all, I would never finish, nor have sufficient paper for it".
In return China imported mostly silver from Peruvian and Mexican mines, transported via Manila. Chinese merchants were active in these trading ventures, and many emigrated to such places as the Philippines and Borneo to take advantage of the new commercial opportunities.
The increase in gold and silver experienced by Spain coincided with a major inflationary cycle both within Spain and Europe, known as the price revolution.
Spain had amassed large quantities of gold and silver from the New World. Being the most powerful European monarch at a time full of war and religious conflicts, the Habsburg rulers spent the wealth in wars and arts across Europe.
Increasingly, Spain became dependent on the revenues flowing in from the mercantile empire in the Americas, leading to Spain's first bankruptcy in due to rising military costs.
The increase in prices as a result of currency circulation fuelled the growth of the commercial middle class in Europe, the bourgeoisie , which came to influence the politics and culture of many countries.
One effect of the inflation, particularly in Great Britain, was that tenant farmers who held long-term leases from lords saw real decreases in rent.
Some lords opted to sell their leased land, giving rise to small land-owing farmers such as yeoman and gentlemen farmers. World map from Johannes Kepler 's Rudolphine Tables , incorporating many of the new discoveries.
Delftware depicting Chinese scenes, 18th century. Ernest Cognacq Museum. Jan Davidsz. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Period of European global exploration, from early 15th century to midth century.
See also: Early world maps and Chronology of European exploration of Asia. Further information: Ming treasure voyages and Chinese exploration.
See also: Portuguese discoveries and European exploration of Africa. Main article: Treaty of Tordesillas. See also: Portuguese India Armadas.
Main article: Magellan—Elcano circumnavigation. Main article: Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. Main article: Spanish conquest of Peru.
Further information: Major explorations after the Age of Discovery. Main articles: Columbian Exchange , History of colonialism , and Globalization.
The School of Athens — , Raphael. Mancall Reviews in American History. Other documents from the sixteenth century, such as the magnificent Florentine Codex , contain testimony from native observers whose views were recorded by European witnesses to the conquest.
These texts provide details about indigenous practices as well as views of the conquest from the perspective of the invaded.
Some of these indigenous sources have been translated into English. On the issue of the encounter, these sources concur: the arrival of Europeans brought death, displacement, sorrow, and despair to Native Americans.
Sandbox Networks, Inc. Retrieved 29 May Winius, "Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, —", p. Maritime Southeast Asia to City of Fortune Main ed.
Retrieved 18 August Archived from the original on July 9, Cambridge University Press. New York: Dutton , p.
Amerigo Vespucci: Pilot Major. New York: Octagon Books. New York: Oxford University Press. McAlister, Lyle.
University of Minnesota Press, p. Indiana University Press. Levillier pp. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Coimbra: UC Biblioteca Geral 1. New York: Grove Press. The Hakluyt Society. Retrieved Pacific Discovery, California Academy of Sciences. A Mariner's Assessment".
The Mariner's Mirror. Vancouver: U Univ. United Kingdom: Paul Mould Publishing. Sir Francis Drake. London: Pimlico.
Journal of Economic History. Atlas Obscura. Journal of World History. University of Hawaii Press. Archived from the original PDF on Agricultural Revolution in England: The transformation of the agrarian economy — Sen, Tansen Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies.
The conquest of New Spain. Penguin Classics. Kessinger Publishing. Linschoten, Jan Huyghen van . New Delhi, AES. Asian Educational Services.
Mancall, Peter C. Travel narratives from the age of discovery: an anthology. Oxford University Press US.
Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes. Retrieved 17 June Abu-Lughod, Janet Anderson, James Maxwell The history of Portugal.
Greenwood Publishing Group. Octagon Books. Armesto, Felipe Fernandez Pathfinders: A Global History of Exploration.
Arnold, David The Age of Discovery, —, Lancaster pamphlets. Boxer, Charles Ralph The Portuguese Seaborne Empire — The Dutch seaborne empire, — Braudel, Fernand .
The Wheels of Commerce, vol. II of Civilization and Capitalism 15th—18th Century. University of California Press. The perspective of the world.
Brook, Timothy Burns, William E. Butel, Paul The Atlantic. Cole, Juan Ricardo Sacred Space and Holy War. Cook, Noble David Born to die: disease and New World conquest, — Crosby, Alfred W.
Cromer, Alan Crow, John A. The Epic of Latin America. Daus, Ronald Die Erfindung des Kolonialismus. Davenport, Frances Gardiner De Lamar, Jensen Renaissance Europe: age of recovery and reconciliation.
Diffie, Bailey Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, — University of Minnesota Press. Prelude to empire: Portugal overseas before Henry the Navigator.
University of Nebraska Press. Dymytryshyn, Basil, E. Crownhart-Vaughan, Thomas Vaughan Russia's conquest of Siberia, — a documentary record in Russian.
Donkin, R. Between east and west: the Moluccas and the traffic in spices up to the arrival of Europeans. Dunn, Ross E.
The adventures of Ibn Battuta, a Muslim traveler of the fourteenth century. Dunton, Larkin The World and Its People. Silver, Burdett. Palais — Houghton Mifflin.
Fisher, Raymond H. The Voyage of Semen Dezhnev in Fiske, John — Forbes, Jack D. Africans and Native Americans: the language of race and the evolution of Red-Black peoples.
University of Illinois Press. Gernet, Jacques Daily life in China, on the eve of the Mongol invasion, — Stanford University Press.
Gitzen, Garry Fort Nehalem. Dictionary of Ming biography, — Columbia University Press. Gutierrez, Ramon A, and Richard J.
Orsi Contested Eden: California before the Gold Rush. Hacquebord, Louwrens September Archived PDF from the original on 27 March Hochstrasser, Julie Still life and trade in the Dutch golden age.
Yale University Press. Howard, David and John Ayers Lach, Donald F. Van Kley Book 3: Southeast Asia. University of Chicago Press.
Lawson, Edward W. Lincoln, W. Bruce . The Conquest of a Continent: Siberia and the Russians. Cornell University Press. Locke, John The works of John Locke: in nine volumes, Volume 9" The history of navigation.
Louis Masur. Johns Hopkins University Press. Medina . El Piloto Juan Fernandez descubridor de las islas que ilevan su hombre, y Juan Jufre, armador de la expedicion que hizo en busca de otras en el mar del zur in Spanish.
Gabriela Mistral. Milton, Giles Nathaniel's Nutmeg. London: Sceptre. Morison, Samuel Eliot . Read Books. Mutch, T. The First Discovery of Australia.
Archived from the original on 29 June Newitt, Malyn D. A History of Portuguese Overseas Expansion, — Nowell, Charles E. Otfinoski, Steven Marshall Cavendish.
Pacey, Arnold Technology in world civilization: a thousand-year history. MIT Press. Paine, Lincoln P.
Ships of discovery and exploration. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Parry, J. The age of reconnaissance. The Discovery of the Sea. Penrose, Boies Travel and Discovery in the Renaissance— Harvard University Press.
Pfoundes, C. Restall, Matthew Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest. Oxford University Press. Russell-Wood, A. The Portuguese empire, — a world on the move.
JHU Press. Spence, Jonathan D. Spufford, Peter Money and its Use in Medieval Europe. Bagrow, Leo, R.
Skelton History of cartography. Transaction Publishers, Synge, J. A Book of Discovery. Yesterday's Classics. Archived from the original on 10 June Tamura, Eileen H.
Mention; Noren W. Lush; Francis K. Tsui; Warren Cohen China: Understanding Its Past. Tracy, James D. Boston: Brill Academic Publishers.
Tsai, Shih-Shan Henry University of Washington Press. Volker, T. Walton, Timothy R. The Spanish Treasure Fleets. Pineapple Press FL.
Weddle, Robert S. Wilford, John Noble Vintage Books, Random House. Zweig, Stefan . Conqueror of the Seas — The Story of Magellan.
Retrieved 22 June Silk Road Foundation. Retrieved 14 June Archived from the original on 15 November Retrieved 19 June Drake Navigators Guild.
Fort Nehalem Publishing. Retrieved 10 May The Historica Dominion Institute. Archived from the original on 1 March Retrieved 9 November Archived from the original on 13 January Retrieved 14 January March 5, Grunberg, Bernard July—August University of San Francisco.
Mayne, Richard J. Columbia University. Archived from the original on 22 June Retrieved 4 June Eccles, W. Archived from the original on 12 July San Diego Historical Society.
August Derek Croxton, University of Virginia. Retrieved 15 June Archived from the original on 22 July Smithsonian Magazine.
Archived from the original on 11 April Archived from the original on 5 May Researchnews, The Ohio State University. May 24, Archived from the original on December 8, Retrieved 18 June Harwood, Jeremy Bloomsbury Press.
Cipolla, Carlo European Culture and Overseas Expansion. Pelican, London. DeVoto, Bernard . The Course of Empire.
Hall, Robert L. In Viola, Herman J. Seeds of Change: A Quincentennial Commemoration. Smithsonian Institution Press.
Love, Ronald S. Maritime Exploration in the Age of Discovery, — Greenwood Press. Rice, Eugene F. The Foundations of Early Modern Europe: — Wright, John K.
March Annals of the Association of American Geographers. Exploration and explorers by nation or region.
Links to related articles. Empires largest in India Ancient great powers Medieval great powers Modern great powers European colonialism African empires.
The empire on which the sun never sets "Empire" as a description of foreign policy American empire Soviet Empire. Dutch Empire.
Colonies and trading posts of the Dutch East India Company — Bengal Persia Suratte. Bantam Malabar West coast of Sumatra. Colonies and trading posts of the Dutch West India Company — Settlements of the Noordsche Compagnie — Jan Mayen Smeerenburg.
Colonies of the Kingdom of the Netherlands — Bengal Coromandel Malacca Suratte. Gold Coast. Dutch East Indies. New Guinea. Kingdom of the Netherlands —present.
Bonaire Saba Sint Eustatius. French overseas empire. Former French colonies in Africa and the Indian Ocean. Algeria Morocco Tunisia.
Somaliland Djibouti Madagascar Isle de France. But Portugal was soon overextended; it was therefore the Dutch, the English, and the French who in the long run reaped the harvest of Portuguese enterprise.
Some idea of the knowledge that these trading explorers brought to the common store may be gained by a study of contemporary maps.
The delineation of the west coast of southern Africa from the Guinea Gulf to the Cape suggests a knowledge of the charts of the expedition of Bartolomeu Dias.
The coastlines of the Indian Ocean are largely Ptolemaic with two exceptions: first, the Indian Ocean is no longer landlocked; and second, the Malay Peninsula is shown twice—once according to Ptolemy and once again, presumably, according to Marco Polo.
The Contarini map of shows further advances; the shape of Africa is generally accurate, and there is new knowledge of the Indian Ocean, although it is curiously treated.
Peninsular India on which Cananor and Calicut are named is shown; although too small, it is, however, recognizable.
There is even an indication to the east of it of the Bay of Bengal , with a great river running into it. East again, as on the map of Henricus Martellus, the Malay Peninsula appears twice.
European exploration. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.
Load Previous Page. The Age of Discovery In the years from the midth to the midth century, a combination of circumstances stimulated men to seek new routes, and it was new routes rather than new lands that filled the minds of kings and commoners, scholars and seamen.
Read More on This Topic. In the Iberian Peninsula the impetus of the counteroffensive against the Moors carried the Portuguese to probe the West African coastline Load Next Page.
More About.Januar um Uhr. Flotten ForschungslaborFlotte Armada System. All rights reserved. Wer schon länger Brettspiele Age Of Discovery wird bei der Optik sofort in Erinnerung schwelgen, weil es Г¶ffnungszeiten Fernsehturm Berlin typische Grandcasino der frühen er Jahre darstellt. Natürlich werden Sie dafür viel Geld brauchen! Er trägt Fundstücke Beste Spielothek in KГјhndorf finden Mythologie, Religion, Literatur, Kunst und Philosophie zusammen, beschreibt sie knapp und interpretiert sie behutsam. Conselour Spezialisierung. Um Geld zu verdienen, müssen Sie Handelsverträge erfüllen. Dänisch Wörterbücher. Die Konsequenzen dieser Zeit sind bis heute in der Galaxie zu spüren, und J'Ula hat schmerzhaft deutlich gemacht, dass noch mehr Geheimnisse zu finden sind. November für Konsole Beste Spielothek in Wietel finden. Portugal was recognised as a separate kingdom in under the rule of King Afonso I and with the help of Christian military groups, the last remnants of Muslim power were defeated by At Joseph Merlino end of the fourteenth century, Portugal spearheaded the exploration of the world and undertook the Age of Discovery. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für age of discovery im Online-Wörterbuch dict.cc (Deutschwörterbuch). Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für age of discovery im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Age of Discovery. Bist du eine Landratte oder ein echter Seefahrer? Dieser Spielautomat wird deine Navigationskünste auf die Probe stellen! Microgaming´s. Top-Angebote für Age of Discovery online entdecken bei eBay. Top Marken ✅ Günstige Preise ✅ Große Auswahl. Age of Discovery: Teil 1 wurde am 9. Oktober für den PC und am November für Konsole veröffentlicht. Die Veröffentlichung enthielt sowohl Inhalte aus Star.
Age Of Discovery - Sie befinden sich hierHeute ist Viana do Castelo ein Ort mit einem lebhaften Fischereihafen, der für seine reizvolle Architektur bekannt ist, die sowohl Einflüsse der Manuelinik und der Renaissance als auch innovative moderne Bauten aufweist.. Griechisch Wörterbücher. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Though the Northmen still have the reputation of beeing as cruel warriors, but many scientists believe today that they have rather enriched than damaged the established European civilizations during the Middle Ages.. Game content and materials are trademarks and copyrights of their respective publisher and its licensors. The trip is not going to be easy , but such is life of a scholar during the Age of Discovery.. Similarly, in coastal Africa, local states supplied the appetite of European slave traderschanging the complexion of coastal Barcelona Vs Paris Saint Germain states and fundamentally altering the nature of African slaverycausing impacts on societies and economies deep inland. They are built with multiple planks to resist storms, and had 4 sails plus a bowsprit sail. In July his men took over Veracruz and he placed himself under direct orders of new king Charles I of Spain. Francesco Beste Spielothek in Massenricht findena Venetian envoy, stated that hundreds of ships would pass Antwerp in a day, and 2, carts entered the city each week. London: Pimlico. Age of Empires: Castle Siege. Mein Paket.De Gutschein first of the journeys associated with the Age of Discovery were conducted by the Portuguese. The invention of these types of sail made sailing around the western coast of Africa possible, because of their ability to sail against the wind.
Age Of Discovery VideoThe Age of Exploration: Crash Course European History #4 Neuen Eintrag Wm Qualifikation Basketball. Geschichtlich war die Stadt ein bedeutender Abfahrtsort während des Zeitalters der Entdeckungsreisenals viele portugiesische Entdecker per Schiff die unbekannte Welt erkundeten. Englisch Wörterbücher. Prinz Heinrich der Seefahrer machte die Region berühmt, indem er im nahegelegenen Sagres seine Seefahrtschule eröffnete, in Lagos wohnte und seine berühmten Karavellen in der Stadt baute. Beste Spielothek in Buttelstedt finden of Discovery: Teil 1 wurde am 9. They established an age of discovery Trennung Nach Spielsucht, trade and colonization. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Niederländisch Wörterbücher. Conselour Spezialisierung. Ruf: Discovery Legenden .
Warwick tenta di uccidere John, ma quando i settari gli sparano, John evita i proiettili e e si butta sul detonatore della TNT e lo attiva, facendo esplodere la cima del monte e uccidendo se stesso, i soldati e Warwick e provocando una valanga che seppellisce i Russi, salvando le colonie.
Kanyenke torna nel New England e avvia una tranquilla esistenza come educatore di suo nipote Nathaniel, figlio di John e di Nonahkee.
Un prospettore Francese di nome Pierre Beaumont aiuta Amelia e il maggiore Cooper che sta scortando gli operai di Amelia , a difendere un forte da truppe messicane.
Amelia, Kanyenke e Cooper allertato dall'Irochese inseguono Beaumont attraverso le miniere, dove scoprono una mappa per il Lago della Luna.
Gli uomini di Beaumont tentano di recuperare il tesoro spagnolo affondato da Morgan e Lizzie, ma i soldati statunitensi distruggono la loro base.
Cooper tenta di catturare Beaumont, che lo fa assalire da due lupi ammaestrati. Cooper riesce a ucciderne uno con la sua pistola , ma l'altro animale lo uccide.
Amelia decide quindi di inseguire i settari per far loro pagare la morte del militare. Amelia e Kanyenke si dirigono verso l'Ossario, ma Beaumont si nasconde sulle mura sopra la porta.
Il prospettore tenta di saltare addosso ad Amelia per pugnalarla, ma viene spinta via da Kanyenke, che viene sbattuto a terra. Beaumont tenta di saltare addosso ad Amelia, ma lei riesce a calciarlo via, quindi mentre Beaumont ritenta di accoltellarla lei imbraccia il suo fucile e gli spara.
Amelia, che ha sentito la frase, gli chiede spiegazioni, ma l'uomo replica con un "Non perdere il treno. Due anni dopo, il 14 novembre , viene pubblicato un secondo trailer che rivela l'ambientazione medievale del gioco .
Altri progetti. Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. URL consultato il 19 luglio archiviato dall' url originale il 9 marzo URL consultato il 22 aprile archiviato dall' url originale il 18 ottobre URL consultato il 22 aprile archiviato dall' url originale il 17 ottobre URL consultato il 10 giugno URL consultato il 14 novembre Altri progetti Wikimedia Commons.
Portale Microsoft. Portale Videogiochi. Menu di navigazione Strumenti personali Accesso non effettuato discussioni contributi registrati entra.
Namespace Voce Discussione. First, toward the end of the 14th century, the vast empire of the Mongols was breaking up; thus, Western merchants could no longer be assured of safe-conduct along the land routes.
Second, the Ottoman Turks and the Venetians controlled commercial access to the Mediterranean and the ancient sea routes from the East.
Third, new nations on the Atlantic shores of Europe were now ready to seek overseas trade and adventure.
Henry the Navigator , prince of Portugal , initiated the first great enterprise of the Age of Discovery—the search for a sea route east by south to Cathay.
His motives were mixed. He was curious about the world; he was interested in new navigational aids and better ship design and was eager to test them; he was also a Crusader and hoped that, by sailing south and then east along the coast of Africa, Arab power in North Africa could be attacked from the rear.
The promotion of profitable trade was yet another motive; he aimed to divert the Guinea trade in gold and ivory away from its routes across the Sahara to the Moors of Barbary North Africa and instead channel it via the sea route to Portugal.
Expedition after expedition was sent forth throughout the 15th century to explore the coast of Africa.
Prince Henry died in after a career that had brought the colonization of the Madeira Islands and the Azores and the traversal of the African coast to Sierra Leone.
All seemed promising; trade was good with the riverine peoples, and the coast was trending hopefully eastward. Then the disappointing fact was realized: the head of a great gulf had been reached, and, beyond, the coast seemed to stretch endlessly southward.
In he rounded the Cape of Storms in such bad weather that he did not see it, but he satisfied himself that the coast was now trending northeastward; before turning back, he reached the Great Fish River, in what is now South Africa.
On the return voyage, he sighted the Cape and set up a pillar upon it to mark its discovery. Share Flipboard Email.
Table of Contents Expand. The Birth of the Age of Exploration. The Discovery of the New World. Opening the Americas. The End of the Era.
Contributions to Science. Long-Term Impact. Amanda Briney is a professional geographer. She holds an M. Updated January 24, Impact of the Age of Exploration Explorers learned more about areas such as Africa and the Americas and brought that knowledge back to Europe.
Massive wealth accrued to European colonizers due to trade in goods, spices, and precious metals. Methods of navigation and mapping improved, switching from traditional portolan charts to the world's first nautical maps.
New food, plants, and animals were exchanged between the colonies and Europe. Indigenous people were decimated by Europeans, from a combined impact of disease, overwork, and massacres.
The workforce needed to support the massive plantations in the New World, led to the trade of enslaved people , which lasted for years and had an enormous impact on Africa.
The impact persists to this day , with many of the world's former colonies still considered the "developing" world, while colonizers are the First World countries, holding a majority of the world's wealth and annual income.